Scharfman HE. (2018) Controlling learning and epilepsy together. Science. 6377:740-741 PMID 29449476 This short article discusses a paper in the same issue about mossy cells and their role in the normmal vs. epileptic mouse.


Greenwood SG, Montroull L, Volosin M, Scharfman HE, Teng KK, Light M, Torkin R, Maxfield F, Hepstead BL, Friedman WJ. (2018) A Novel Neuroprotective Mechanism for Lithium That Prevents Association of the p75NTR-Sortilin Receptor Complex and Attenuates proNGF-Induced Neuronal Death In Vitro and In Vivo. eNeuro. PMID 29349290  This paper presents the remarkable finding that lithium could be neuroprotective by a mechanism related to p75 neurotrophin receptors and sortilin.


Scharfman HE, Kanner AM, Friedman A, Blumcke I, Crocker CE, Cendes F, Diaz-Arrastia Forstl H, Fenton AA, Grace AA, Palop J, Morrison J, Nehlig A, Prasad A, Wilcox KS, Jette N, Pohlmann-Eden B. (2018) Epilepsy as a Network Disorder (2): What can we learn from other network disorders such as dementia and schizophrenia and what are the implications of translational research? Epilepsy and Behavior. 78:302-312.  This is the second of two papers about the proceedings of a meeting that focused on the commonalities between several neurological and psychiatric disorders. This second paper covers the second part of the meeting.  The first paper is listed below.


Kanner AM, Scharfman H, Jette N, Anagnostou E, Bernard C, Camfield C, Camfield P, Legg K, Dinstein I, Giacobbe P, Friedman A, Pohlmann-Eden B. (2017) Epilepsy as a Network Disorder (1): What can we learn from other network disorders such as autistic spectrum disorder and mood disorders? Epilepsy and Behavior. 77:106-113 This is the first of two reviews of a meeting about the commonalities between several neurological and psychiatric dissorders.  The second paper is listed above.


Harte-Hangrove LC, French JA, Pitkanen A, Galanopoulou AS, Whittemore V, Scharfman HE. (2017) Common data elements for preclinical epilepsy research: Standards for data collection and reporting. A TASK3 report of the AES/ILAE Translational Task Force of the ILAE. Epilepsia. 4:78-86. This paper is the outcome of a Task Force to develop Common Data Elements for preclinical research in epilepsy.


You JC, Muralidharan K, Park JW, Petrof I, Pyfer MS, Corbett BF, LaFrancois JJ, Zheng Y, Zhang X, Mohila CA, Yoshor D, Rissman RA, Nestler EJ, Scharfman HE, Chin J. (2017) Epigenetic suppression of hippocampal calbindin-D28k by ∆FosB drives seizure-related cognitive deficits. Nature Medicine. 23:1377-1383


Scharfman HE.(2015) Neuroscience. Metabolic control of epilepsy. Science. 347:1312-3.


Cho KO, Lybrand ZR, Ito N, Brulet R, Tafacory F, Zhang L, Good L, Ure K, Kernie SG, Birnbaum SG, Scharfman HE, Eisch AJ, Hsieh J. (2015) Aberrant hippocampal neurogenesis contributes to epilepsy and associated cognitive decline. Nat Commun. 6:6606.


D'Amour J, Magagna-Poveda A, Moretto J, Friedman D, LaFrancois JJ, Pearce P, Fenton AA, MacLusky NJ, Scharfman HE (2015) Interictal spike frequency varies with ovarian cycle stage in a rat model of epilepsy. Exp Neurol. 269:102-119.


Pearce PS, Friedman D, Lafrancois JJ, Iyengar SS, Fenton AA, Maclusky NJ, Scharfman HE.(2014) Spike-wave discharges in adult Sprague-Dawley rats and their implications for animal models of temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 32:121-31.


Fisher RS, Scharfman HE, deCurtis M. (2014) How can we identify ictal and interictal abnormal activity? Adv Exp Med Biol. 813:3-23.


Scharfman HE, Brooks-Kayal AR. (2014) Is plasticity of GABAergic mechanisms relevant to epileptogenesis? Adv Exp Med Biol. 813:133-50.

Brooks-Kayal A, et al. (2013) Issues related to symptomatic and disease-modifying treatments affecting cognitive and neuropsychiatric comorbidities of epilepsy.Epilepsia 54(Supplement 4): 44-60.

This review is a guideline for studies related to comorbidities of epilepsy. It was a product of a working group formed by the International League Against Epilepsy and American Epilepsy Society to establish guidelines for translational research in epilepsy.


BrooksKayal et al 2013 Epilepsia Comorbidities.pdf

Letter to the Editor:

Mazarati Letter to Editor Comorbidities Guidelines 2013.pdf

Special issue of Epilepsy & Behavior (2013): The Future of Translational Epilepsy Research. Guest Editor: Helen E. Scharfman


FInal proofs Photo Gallery.pdf

Bath KG, Scharfman HE (2013) Impact of early life exposure to antiepileptic drugs on neurobehavioral outcomes based on laboratory animal and clinical research.

Epilepsy and Behavior. 26:427-439.



Chin J, Scharfman HE (2013) Shared cognitive and behavioral impairments in epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease and potential underlying mechanisms. Epilepsy and Behavior. 26:343-351.



McCloskey DP, Scharfman HE (2011) Progressive potassium-dependent epileptiform burst discharges in slices from pilocarpine-treated rats with recurrent seizures. Epilepsy Res.



Scharfman HE (2010) Seizing an opportunity: a broader definition of epilepsy will lead to better treatment. Cerebrum.



Scharfman HE, McCloskey DP (2010) Postnatal neurogenesis as a therapeutic target in temporal lobe epilepsy. Epi Res. 85: 150-161.



Scharfman HE, Hintz TM, Kim M, MacLusky NJ (2009) Seizures and reproductive function: insights from an animal model. Ann Neurol 54:687-697.




Scharfman HE, Malthankar-Phatak GH, Friedman D, Pearce PP, McCloskey DP, Harden CJ, MacLusky NJ. (2009) A rat model of epilepsy in women: a tool to study the physiological interaction between the endocrine system and seizures. Endocrinology. 150 :4437-4452.



Scharfman HE (2009) Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus and its potential role in epileptogenesis. In: The Encyclopedia of Epilepsy Research. Ed: Schwartzkroin PA. New York: Elsevier.


contact hscharfman@nki.rfmh.org

Scharfman HE (2009) The role of neurotrophins in excitability in hippocampus and its potential relevance to epilepsy. In: The Encyclopedia of Epilepsy Research. Ed: Schwartzkroin PA. New York: Elsevier.


contact hscharfman@nki.rfmh.org

Nicoletti JN, Shah SK, McCloskey DP, Goodman JH, Elkady A, Atassi H, Hylton D, Rudge JS, Scharfman HE, Croll SD (2008) Vascular endothelial growth factor is up- regulated after status epilepticus and protects against seizure-induced neuronal loss in hippocampus. Neuroscience, 151: 232-241.



Walling SG, Rogoulot MA, Scharfman HE (2007) Acute and chronic changes in glycogen phosphoryase in hippocampus and entorhinal cortex after status epilepticus in the adult male rat. Eur J Neurosci. 26: 178-189.



Scharfman HE (2007) The neurobiology of epilepsy. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 7: 348-354.



Winawer MR, Makarenko N, McClsokey DP, Hintz TM, Nair N, Palmer AA, Scharfman HE (2007) Acute and chronic responses to the convulsant pilocarpine in DBA and A/J mice. Neuroscience 149: 465-475.



Scharfman HE, Gray WP (2007) Relevance of seizure-induced neurogenesis to te etiology of temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia 48 (Suppl 2) 33-41.



Scharfman HE, Schwarcz R (2007) Neuromodulators in seizures, epileptogenesis ,and epilepsy. In: Epilepsy: A Comprehensive Guide. Eds: Engel J, Pedley TA. New York: Lippincott-Raven.



Scharfman HE, MacLusky NJ (2006) The influence of gonadal hormones on excitability, seizures and epilepsy in the female. Epilepsia 47:1423-1440.



Scharfman HE, Pedley TA (2006) Temporal lobe epilepsy. In: The Neurobiology of Disease. Ed: S. Gilman. Academic press.


contact hscharfman@nki.rfmh.org

Scharfman HE, Gray WP (2006) NPY and plasticity in the dentate gyrus after seizures. In: NPY family of peptides in inflammation immune disorders, angiogenesis, and cancer. Eds: Zukowska Z and Feuerstein G. Switzerland: Birkhauser Verlag.


Scharfman and Gray 2006 EXS.pdf

Scharfman HE, Goodman JH, Rigoulot M, Berger R, Walling SW, Mercurio TM, Stormes KA, MacLusky NJ (2005) Seizure susceptibility of intact and ovariectomized female rats treated with the convulsant pilocarpine. Exp Neurol 196: 73-86.



Scharfman HE (2005) Seizure-induced neurogenesis and its dependence on growth factors and cytokines. In: Growth Factors and Epilepsy. Eds: Binder DK, Scharfman HE. New York: Novasciences.



McCloskey DP, Croll SD, Scharfman HE (2005) Depression of synaptic transmission by vascular endothelial growth factor in adult rat hippocampus and evidence for increased efficacy after chronic seizures. J Neurosci. 25: 8889-8897.



Croll SD, McCloskey DP, Nicoletti JN, Scharfman HE (2005) VEGF as a novel seizure therapeutic: killing two birds with one stone. In: Growth Factors in Epilepsy. Eds: Binder DK, Scharfman HE.



Scharfman HE (2005) BDNF and epilepsy- the missing link? Epilepsy Curr. 5: 83-88.



Scharfman HE (2004) Functional implications of seizure-induced neurogenesis. In: Recent Advances in Epilepsy Research. Eds: Binder DK, Scharfman HE. New York: Landes/Kluwer.



Croll SD, Goodman JH, Scharfman HE (2004) VEGF: killing two birds with one stone. Adv Exp Med Biol. 548: 57-68.



Scharfman HE, Sollas AL, Berger RE, Goodman JH (2003) Electrophysiological evidence of monosynaptic excitatory transmission between granule cells after seizure-induced mossy fiber sprouting. J Neurophysiol. 90: 2536-47.



Scharfman HE (2002) Epilepsy as an example of neural plasticity. The Neuroscientist

This review addresses the idea that epilepsy is one of the best examples of neural plasticity, despite the fact that few study epilepsy to gain insight into mechanisms underlying plasticity in the CNS. 



Schwarcz R, Bertram E, Scharfman HE (2002) Temporal lobe epilepsy: renewed emphasis on extrahippocampal areas In: Neuropsychopharmacology: Fifth Generation of Progress. 5th Edition. Eds: Davis  KL, Charney D, Coyle JT, Nemeroff C.  American College of  Neuropsychopharmacology. pp.1844-1857.


ACNP epilepsy review.pdf

Scharfman et al (2002) Stuctural and functional asymmetry in the dentate gyrus. J Comp Neurol.454:424–444.

This article shows that there are several differences between the two blades of the dentate gyrus  in rats that have chronic seiuzres.



Scharfman H.E., Smith K.S., Goodman J.H. and Sollas A.L. (2001) Survival of dentate hilar mossy cells after pilocarpine-induced seizures and their synchronized burst discharges with area CA3 pyramidal cells. Neuroscience. 104:741-759.



Scharfman HE (2000) Epileptogenesis in the parahippocampal region: parallels with the dentate gyrus. In: The Parahippocampal Region: Basic Science and Clinical Implications. Eds: Scharfman HE, Witter MP, Schwarcz R. NY: New York Academy of Sciences.

This is a review that compares circuitry in entorhinal cortex and dentate gyrus related to their role in temporal lobe epilepsy.



Other Epilepsy currents commentaries:

Catamenial epilepsy.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309068

Absence epilepsy.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16145615

Multidrug transporters.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309119

GABA in granule cells.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309170

Neurodevelopmental models of epilepsy.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309141


Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309117


Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309154

Pacemaker channels.

Reprint: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15309154

Scharfman H.E. (1999) The role of nonprincipal cells in dentate gyrus excitability and its relevance to animal models of epilepsy and temporal lobe epilepsy. In: Basic Mechanisms of the Epilepsies: Molecular and Cellular Approaches, Third edition. Eds: Delgado-Esqueta A.V., Wilson W., Olsen R.W., and Porter R.J. New York, Lippincott-Raven, pp. 805-820.

Also: Adv. Neurol. 79: 805-820.



If you can not download a file or have any questions please contact Helen Scharfman at hscharfman@nki.rfmh.org or helen.scharfman@nyumc.org